Pampa Gaucho is quite different from other Brazilian biomes. Dominated by grass with few trees, it has always been considered more appropriate for cattle breeding.

However, in 2004 it was recognized by the Ministry of Environment as a biome. In fact, its biodiversity had been ignored for almost three hundred years. It was the gateway to cattle across the southern region. The other was through the São Francisco Valley, through the cattle corrals.

The only Brazilian state with this biome is Rio Grande do Sul. It occupies 63% of the territory of Rio Grande. It also spans Uruguay and Argentina.

Now the Pampa suffers a much more serious threat: the introduction of monoculture and pine and eucalyptus. Once again, therefore, a type of economic development that is inappropriate to the characteristics of a biome is proposed.